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In the eastern part of Moldova, which became the Russian province of Bessarabia in 1812, the language continued to be called Moldovan and the Cyrillic alphabet was used until Bessarabia joined the Romanian kingdom in 1918.
After the Soviet annexation of Bessarabia in 1940–1944, the Cyrillic alphabet was reintroduced.
Jews have lived in Moldovan cities in great numbers since the early nineteenth century, but many have left.
Between 19, Moldova experienced a total migration loss of 105,000 persons.
Although the language is still officially named "Moldovan," considerable re-Romanization has made the difference between Romanian and Moldovan virtually a distinction between a standard written language and a dialect.
Cyrillic is used to write Moldovan only in the separatist region of Transdniestria.
The main rivers are the Dniestr in the east and the Prut in the west. In the 1989 census, 64.5 percent of the population was Moldovan, 13.8 percent Ukrainian, 13 percent Russian, 3.5 percent Gagauz (a Christian Orthodox Turkic people), 2 percent Bulgarian, 1.5 percent Jewish, and 1.7 percent other nationalities, mainly Belarussians, Poles, Greeks, Germans, and Rom (Gypsies).
Both originate in the Carpathians; whereas the Dniestr flows directly into the Black Sea, the Prut joins the Danube at the southern tip of the country. Although the official number of Rom is only 11,600, the real number probably is 100,000.
The national awakening that took place in the late 1980s led directly to the adoption of a language law on 30 August 1989 that defined Moldovan, written in the Latin script, as the state language.
Jews, Ukrainians, and Russians were the most likely to leave.
Consequently, the Moldovan portion of the population was believed to have increased to 67 percent by 1998.
Moldavia is the Anglicized version of the Russian Moldavija and is not used by Moldovans.
Many Moldovans consider themselves, their culture, and their language Romanian.